Airplane Flight Instruments and Navigation Equipment
Exhibits satisfactory knowledge, risk management, and skills associated with managing instruments appropriate for an IFR flight.
Operation of their airplane’s applicable flight instrument system(s) including:
a. Pitot-static instrument system: altimeter, airspeed indicator, vertical speed indicator
b. Gyroscopic/electric/vacuum instrument system: attitude indicator, heading indicator, turn-and-slip indicator/turn coordinator
c. Electrical systems, electronic flight instrument displays (PFD, MFD), transponder, and ADS-B
d. Magnetic compass
Operation of their airplane’s applicable navigation system(s) including:
a. VOR, DME, ILS, marker beacon receiver/indicators
b. RNAV, GPS, Wide Area Augmentation System (WAAS), FMS, autopilot
Identify, assess and mitigate risks, encompassing:
Monitor and manage automated systems.
The difference between approved and non-approved navigation devices.
Common failure modes of flight and navigation instruments.
The limitations of electronic flight bags.
Currency of navigation databases.
Operate and manage installed instruments and navigation equipment.